Since ancient times, the skins of animals have been used in various needs of human life. The first settlers of the land wore fur protecting against cold and storm, already making parts that they used on the body. However, only thousands of years late the skins of animals that were domesticated (such as goats, sheep and calves) were being prepared for the use of writing.
Parchment (Greek and Latin Pergamene pergamin or Pergamene) is the name given to an animal skin, usually goat, mutton, lamb or sheep and calf, prepared for her to write. Designates still writing in this medium. Its name recalls the city of Pergamon in Asia Minor, where it is believed to have originated.
Some scholars even claim that was around the Third Century – AC that the parchment had really recognized its presence in history. And they said, this was driven by disagreements occurred between the King of Pergamon, Eumenes II (196-158 BC) and Pharaoh of Egypt, Ptolemy V, that caused the shortage of Papyrus, the base material made of vegetable fibers, which then prevailed .
Libraries of “parchments” were kept in Christian monasteries, where monks educated, dedicated themselves to copies of ancient manuscripts, and to with this activity monastic survival and dissemination of classical texts of Greek and Latin culture in the West, especially the time of the Byzantine Empire.
Since then, the parchment has been growing in use, and reaching its apex in the middle of the Middle Ages until the emergence of the paper and then press. Still, over the years, the parchment was still used in particular areas such as public documents issued by kings, emperors and popes.
Parallel to use as writing material, parchment was also being used in the manufacture of percussion instruments, lamps and screens for paintings, and then making and printing of diplomas and certificates, binding and restoration, special invitations, reproduction of historical documents, etc..
Over the centuries were being introduced changes to processes for the preparation of the parchment. Although more recently some mechanical devices are used (in the strip and the withdrawal of the hairs), and modified the use of some inputs, the parchment is still a strong product features handcraft, respecting the older techniques, depending on the end use : bookbinding and restoration, writing material, decorative objects, etc..
In summary, in spite of being a product of ancient history, parchment, today, assumes a particular characteristic and special because, given the mass consumption, it is offering architects and designers the opportunity to give dignity to products sector and especially in furniture and interior decoration, whether for offices, homes or hotels and yachts.